What Are The Different Malts Used in Homebrew Recipes?

Malted Barley GrainsThe market is flooded with different types of barley malts, and each variety has its own character. To a large extent, the flavor and strength of the beer depend on the malt that is used in the beer recipe.

The salient features of different varieties of barley malts are as follows.

  • Crystal Malt: The crystal malt adds color, body, and flavor to the beer. In these malts, the starch is already converted into caramelized and soluble sugars, hence a plain water steep is all that is required to extract flavors. They are well suited for augmenting malt extract in a beer recipe.
  • Cara-pils and Dextrin Malt: These malts have complex starch content and are light in color. When these malts are mashed, diastatic enzymes convert dextrin into a soluble form.
  • Two Row Pale Malt: Most all-grain brewing recipes use pale malt because it contains starch and needs mashing in order to make soluble fermentable sugars. It is light-colored, has a crisp flavor and contains a lot of diastatic enzymes.
  • Specialty Malts: Briess offers top-notch handcrafted malts which are most suited for steeping. Briess malt extracts is a popular choice when it comes to extract brewing. The carapils malt is innovative and different than the other dextrin malts available in the market.
  • Pilsner malt: It has the lightest flavor and color and is used as a base grain in light German styles. During mashing, pilsner malt generally needs protein rest. Some varieties of this malt (especially those with low enzyme levels) need careful mashing.
  • Chocolate malt: It requires a fairly high kiln temperature to produce, which creates a dark brown color and a rich flavor. Chocolate beer malt renders a roasted, nutty flavor to the beer. It is a vital ingredient in stouts and porters.

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